Jim Larkin was one of the greatest trade unionist and social activist. He was born on 21st January 1876 in Liverpool England. His parents were of Irish origin. Jim Larkin had a dark past, and he grew in poverty invested area of Burren in Southern County Down.
As a young boy, Jim used to work in many jobs and hence h received little education as he was working most of the time. After the death of his father, Larkin worked in many places including being a sailor and by 1903 he had been promoted to a dock foreman.
Jim Larkin developed a key interest in socialism from as early as 1893, and he became a member of the Independence Labor Party. He took part in many strikes including the 1905 Liverpool dock strike.
As a result of great influence he wilded among the masses, he was elected on the strike committee. Larkin later joined a movement that was known as the National Union of Dock Labourers (NUDL), and by 1905 he had become a full-time trade unionist and organizer.
Due to the militant nature and destruction that was characteristic of NUDL that attracted the attention of the authorities, Larkin was transferred to Dublin in 1907. Read more: Jim Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
It is while working in Dublin that he founded the Irish Transport and General Workers Union. The main aim of the trade union was to consolidate all Irish industrial workers into one key organization.
Jim Larkin was a trade unionist and a fighter at heart. He led the worst lockout in 1913 that has come to be fondly known as the Dublin Lockout. This was after the industrial dispute between Dublin United Tramway Company and workers of the Irish origin who had joined the NUDL. The lockout lasted for seven months, and it involved more than 100000 workers.
Larkin was against the Wolrd War, and he staged some protest against the war in Dublin. He also travelled to the United States to raise awareness and concerns against the war.
He also joined the trade unions in the United States including the American Communist Party. He died on 21st January 1947 aged 71 years.